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India and sex selection conundrum


·         CSR declined from 945 in 1991 to 927 in 2001 to 914 in 2011
·         Immediately government acted by putting in place a supervisory board for PNDT
·         Rate of decline in CSR seen in both urban and rural areas
·         This depsite legal provisions, incetives and media campaigns

Faulty policy

·         State policy ahs been focused on regulating access to technology that enables sex selection
·         It is based onr ationale that lack of access will lead to reduced demand for determination of sex
·         However this has led to curtailment of right of women to safe and elgal abortion under termination of pregnancy act 1975

Government steps

·         Announced a national girl child day in 2009
·         Beti bachao campaign
·         Incetives to BPL families for incentivising birth of girl child

Way ahead

·         The reason for prevalence of sex selective abortions in India against girld child are
o   Cultural attitude
o   Patriarchal prejudice
o   Socioeconomic pressures
o   Misuse of technology
o   Lack of old age social security
o   Inheritance laws
·         There is a need for a holistic policy to address each of these problems
·         China  adopted policies to
o   Promote gender equality
o   Increase female workforce
o   Ensure old age security
·         Each out to primary decision makers and decision supporters through targeted media campaigns




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