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English (Compulsory), 2011

Civil Services (Main) Examination - 2011

English (Compulsory)

Time Allowed : Three Hours

Maximum Marks : 300

1. Write an essay in about 300 words on any one of the following :

     a) The predicaments of Democracy.
     b) In India when inflation rises governance stalls.

     c) Modern world's fears about nuclear energy.

     d) Information Technology transforming the Indian society.

     e) Inventions generate necessity.

2. Read carefully the passage below and write your answers to the questions that follow in clear, correct and concise language :
'Water is the basis of all life. Every animal and every plant contains a substantial proportion of free or combined water in its body, and no kind of physiological activity is possible in which the fluid does not play an essential part. Water is, of course, necessary for animal life, while moisture in the soil is equally imperative for the life and growth of plants and trees, though the quantity necessary varies enormously with the species. the conservation and utilization of water is thus fundamental for human welfare. Apart from artesian water the ultimate source in all cases is rain or snowfall. Much of Indian agriculture depends on seasonal rainfall and is therefore very sensitive to any failure or irregularity of the same. It is clear that the adoption of techniques preventing soil erosion would also help to conserve and keep the water where it is wanted. In other words, on and in the soil, and such techniques therefore serve a double purpose. It is evident, however, that in a country having only a seasonal rainfall an immense quantity of rain-water must necessarily run off the ground. The collection and utilization of water is therefore of vital importance. Much of it flows down into the streams and rivers and ultimately finds its way to the sea. The harnessing of our rivers, the waters of which now mostly run to waste, is a great national problem which must be considered and dealt with on national lines. Closely connected with the conservation of water supplies is the problem of afforestation. The systemic planting of suitable trees in every possible or even in impossible areas and the development of what one can call civilized forests as distinguished from the wild and untamed jungle is one of the most urgent needs of India. Such plantation would directly and indirectly prove a source of untold wealth to the country. They would check soil erosion and conserve the rainfall of the country from flowing away to waste and would provide the necessary supplies of cheap fuel and thus stop unnecessary waste of farmyard manure.

Questions :
    1. Where does the world get water from?

    2. What is the national problem relating to our rivers?

    3. What are the benefits of afforestation?

    4. What is fundamental for human welfare?

    5. What are the advantages of preventing soil erosion?

3. Make a precis of the following passage in about 204 words. It is not necessary to suggest a title. Failure to write within the word limit may result in deduction of marks. The precis must be written on the separate precis sheets provided, which must be fastened securely inside the answer-book.
    'While all the religious teachers tell us that compassion gives us a motive for existence, a guide for action and a reason for courage and helps us to diminish the sum of human suffering, in the very name of God, who is all compassion, abominable crimes have been committed in the world. It is not enough to believe in a God of love but we must love. The rains that make the lower plains fertile are formed in the upper layers of the atmosphere. The saints are the masters who are not stained-glass figures, remote and ethereal in their sanctity. There is nothing in them, which we would like to spread everywhere in the world. It is there but what it is, we cannot say. It is there in their blood and bones, in the breath of their speech, in the lights and shades of their personalities, a mystery that can be lived but not spoken in words.
    On the rock of moral law and not on the shifting sands of political or economic expediency can be built a civilized society with individual freedom, social justice and political equality. Truth, freedom and righteousness are essential to peace. The Evangelist tells us how 'the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and showeth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them. And saith unto him, 'All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me'. Than said Jesus unto him, 'Get thee hence, Satan; for it is written, 'Thou shalt worship thy Lord, thy God and Him alone shalt thou serve'.
     In the new society we need a new universal religion. By it we mean not a uniform religion but a religion of awareness and love of wisdom and compassion, prajna and karuna, of truth and love. Religions must be cured of their provincialism and made to reveal their universality. This does not mean spiritual vagueness or ambiguity.
     Tolerance implies an elementary right belonging to the dignity of every man. The right to believe like the right to live a free, unfettered life is fundamental to the concept of brotherly love. We had in our country peaceful co-existence of different religions. It is not mere passive co-existence but an active fellowship, a close inter-relation of the best of different religions. Co-existence is the first step and fraternity is the goal. We have not adhered steadfastly to these ideals and have suffered often. Yet the ideal has been kept in view and supported by great leaders like Ram Mohan Roy, Ramakrishna, Tagore and Gandhiji.
     The view of tolerance is based on the conviction that all transcendental use of the logical categories, all attempts to submit the transcendent to the finite, are wrong. Nature and History announce God's presence but do not disclose his whole nature. Religions are cut off from one another by mutual incomprehensiveness. We are born or trained in certain traditions of religion. Loyalty to tradition does not mean imprisonment within it. We adopt different symbolic representations of the supreme determined by our age, circumstances, upbringing and by narrower loyalties of caste, class, race or nation. Whatever progress we make at the expense of those values is morally wrong.
     The seers of all religions affirm that the various peoples of the world form a community with a common purpose and a common destiny. It is said that the whole world is the fatherland of a noble soul. The application of this universality of spirit requires us to look upon our common enemies not as monsters of evil but as misled by their obsessions and as capable of change. (611 words)

4. a) Rewrite the following sentences after making necessary corrections :
         1. Saints desire nothing _____ the society.
          2. I regret at the delay in doing this.

          3. I congratulate you for your success.

          4. Ram as well as Mohan have gone.

          5. He has passed order on my application.

          6. He is more intelligent than any boy.

          7. What will be ensued on this?

          8. This is high time that we should change the bike.

          9. I did nothing but laughed.

          10. I informed him, "Leave the room."

    b) Supply the missing words :
          1. The wages of sin ______ death.

           2. I trust ______ God.

           3. I have no fondness ______ music.

           4. I have no doubt ______ honesty.

           5. I am conscious ______ my duties.

    c) Use the correct forms of the words in brackets :
         1. I remember ______ her when she was a little girl. (SEE)

         2. You will ___ ___ twenty-four hours to consider your decision. (GIVE)

          3. Can you hear what he ___ ___ ? (SAY)

    d) Write the opposites of the following :
          1. Notorious
          2. Legitimate

           3. Responsible

           4. Satisfaction

           5. Promotion

5. Answer as directed :
    a) Rewrite the following sentences removing '' :
          1. He is too honest to steal.
          2. He is too weak to run.
           3. He is too shy to sing.
           4. He is too shocked to speak.
           5. The matter will be too complicated to resolve.

    b) Rewrite the following sentences using 'It' in the beginning as a subject :
          1. To scold the boys would be foolish.
          2. Smoking is bad for him.
           3. To call after ten was unusual for him.
           4. Keeping the windows open on the roadside does not look decent.
           5. To play games on Sundays is not allowed.

    c) Combine each pair of sentences using one of the words : 'nor', 'and', 'but', 'if' or 'when'. Use each word only once :
          1. He turned pale. He saw me.
          2. They are poor. You consider their bank balance.
           3. She wanted to make a speech. She did not know how to begin.
           4. He took a pen. He started writing.
           5. She doesn't like Rakesh. She doesn't like Mohini.

    d) Change the narration of the following sentences :
          1. The teacher said to me, "Why are you late?"
          2. He said that his mother was just then absent from home.
           3. A wrote to B, "Your letter reached me here early this morning."
           4. Ramesh requested his sister, "Please keep my things ready when I return from my trip tomorrow."
           5. He said, "What a strange man you are !"

    e) Rewrite the following sentences using the passive voice structure :
          1. He gave her a book to read.
          2. Even a child can handle this machine.
           3. Who has put the book on the shelf ?
           4. Everyone rejected the bold idea.
           5. Ramesh is driving Sunita's car.

General Studies - II, 2011

Civil Services (Main) Examination - 2011

Paper II
Time Allowed : Three Hours
Maximum Marks : 300
 Candidates should attempt all questions strictly in accordance with the instructions given under each question

1. Answer any two of the following in about 250 words each :
    a) List the Central Asian Republics and identify those of particular strategic and economic importance to India. Examine the opportunities and bottlenecks in enhancing relations with these countries.

     b) Critically examine the security and strategic implications of the so-called 'strings of pearls' theory for India.

     c) "Compared to the South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA), the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multisectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation Free Trade Area (BIMSTEC FTA) seems to be more promising." Critically Evaluate.

2. Answer any three of the following in about 150 words each :
    a) Subsequent to the Nuclear Suppliers' Group (NSG) waiver in 2008, what are the agreements on nuclear energy that India has signed with different countries?

    b) Trace the progress for India's efforts for a joint counter-terrorism strategy with China. What are the likely implications of the recent Xinjiang violence on these efforts?

     c) Bring out the importance of the 'Small and Medium Enterprises Expo and Conference' held in Dubai last year for Indian business.

     d) What are the salient features of the political and economic relationship between India and South Africa?

3. Answer either of the following in about 250 words :
    a) "The causes and implications of the Jasmine Revolution and its spread are as much economic in nature as they are political." Critically Evaluate.

    b) In the context of the 'Euro-zone' debt crisis, examine the proposed 'six-pack' solution. Do you think that this has a better chance of success than the earlier Stability and Growth Pact?

4. Answer any four of the following in about 150 words each :
    a) "As regards the increasing rates of melting of Arctic Sea ice, the interests of the Arctic Council nations may not coincide with those of the wider world." Explain.

    b) Is there still a role for the concept of balance of power in contemporary international politics? Discuss.

     c) "Strategic interests seem to be replacing commercial interests for the host country with regard to Cam Ranh Bay." Amplify.

     d) To what extent has the withdrawal of al-Shabab from Mogadishu given peace a real chance in Somalia? Assess.

     e) On a Formula-one (F-1) racing car track, information to drivers is generally signaled through the standardized use of flags of different colors. Describe the meanings associated with any six of the flags listed below :
          i) White flag
          ii) Black Flag
          iii) Yellow Flag
          iv) Blue Flag
          v) Black and White flag divided diagonally
          vi) Chequered flag
          vii) Yellow and red striped flag

5. Comment on any thirteen of the following in about 50 words each :
    a) International Year of Chemistry

    b) The scourge of e-waste

     c) 'Designer' poultry eggs

     d) INSPIRE programme of the Department of Science and Technology

     e) The 'Kessler syndrome' with reference to space debris.

     f) Omega-3 fatty acids in our food

     g) Difference between 'spin-drying' and 'tumble-drying' with reference to drying of washed clothes

     h) The diminishing population of vultures

     i) 'Arsenic-bug' and the significance of its discovery

     j) F-22 'Raptor' aircraft

     k) 'Concentrated' solar energy and 'photovoltaic' solar energy

     l) Analog, hybrid and IP systems in CCTV technology

     m) Various applications of Kevlar

     n) Differences between Compact Disc (CD), Digital Versatile Disc (DVD) and Blu-ray Disc

6. Comment on the following in about 50 words each :

    a) Functions of the World Customs Organization (WCO)

    b) Success of International Convention in Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)

     c) Strategies adopted by Colombia to eliminate its drug cartels

     d) World Food Programme (WFP) of the United Nations (UN)

     e) Sculpture of the broken chair in front of the UN building at Geneva

7. Why have each of the following been in the news recently? (Each answer in a sentence or two only)
    a) Tiangong-1

    b) K-computer

     c) Gliese 581 g

     d) MABEL robot

     e) 'Operation Shady rat'

     f) 'SAGA-220'

     g) 'Billion Acts of Green'

     h) L'Aquila earthquake

     i) OPERA detector at Gran Sasso

     j) Saturn's Titan

8. Why have the following been in the news recently? (Each answer in a sentence or two only)
    a) 'News International' newspaper

    b) Mustafa Abdul-Jalil

     c) Abel Kirui

     d) Natalie Portman

     e) Nawaf Salam

9.  a) List the requisites of a good table.

Present the following in a suitable tabular form :

In 1980 out of a total of 1750 workers of a factory, 1200 were members of a union. The number of women employed was 200 of which 175 did not belong to the union. In 1985 the number of union workers increased to 1580 of which 1290 were men. On the other hand the number of non-union workers fell down to 208 of which 180 were men. In 1990 there were 1800 employees who belonged to the union and 50 who did not belong to the union. Of all the employees in 1990, 300 were women of which only 8 did not belong to the union.
    b) Draw an ogive for the following distribution. Read the median from the graph. How many students get between 60 and 72?

No. of students

    c) From the following data calculate the missing frequency :

No. of tablets
No. of persons cured

The average number of tablets to cure fever was 19.9
    d) Life-time of 400 tubes tested in a company is distributed as follows :

Life-time (Hours)
No. of tubes

Determine :
        i) Relative frequency of sixth class.
        ii) Percentage of tubes whose life-time does not exceed 600 hours.
        iii) Percentage of tubes whose life-time is greater than or equal to 900 hours.
        iv) Percentage of tubes whose life-time is at least 500 but less than 1000 hours.

10. a) A car travels 25 km at 25 kph, 25 km at 50 kph, and 25 km at 75 kph. Find the average speed of the car for the entire journey.
     b) The mean of 200 items was 50. Later on it was found that two items were wrongly read as 92 and 8 instead of 192 and 88. Find the correct mean.
     c) Students were asked how long it took them to walk to school on a particular morning. A cumulative frequency distribution was formed.

Time taken (minutes)
< 5
< 10
< 15
< 20
< 25
< 30
< 35
< 40
< 45

         i) Draw a cumulative frequency curve.
           ii) Estimate how many students took less than 18 minutes.
           iii) 6% of students took x minutes or longer. Find x.
     d) An investor buys Rs. 1200 worth of shares in a company each month. During the first five months he bought the shares at a price of Rs. 10, Rs. 12, Rs. 15, Rs. 20 and Rs. 24 per share. After 5 months, what is the average price paid for the shares by him?

General Studies - I, 2011

Civil Services (Main) Examination - 2011
Paper I
Time Allowed : Three Hours
Maximum Marks : 300
 Candidates should attempt all questions strictly in accordance with the instructions given uder each question

1. Answer any three of the following in about 250 words each :
    a) 'Essentially all that is contained in Part IV-A of the Constitution is just a codification of tasks integral to the Indian way of life.' Critically examine this statement.

    b) 'The exercise of executive clemency is not a privilege but is based on several principles, and discretion has to be exercised in public considerations.' Analyse this statement in the context of the judicial powers of the President of India.

     c) Discuss the extent, causes, and implications of the 'nutrition transition' said to be underway in India.

     d) Bring out the salient features of the PCPNDT Act, 1994, and the implications of its amendment in 2003.

2. Answer one of the following in about 250 words :
    a) Trace the salient sequence of events in the popular revolt that took place in February 1946 in the then 'Royal Indian Navy' and bring out its significance in te freedom struggle. Do you agree with the view that the sailors who took part in this revolt were some of the unsung heroes of the freedom struggle?

    b) Evaluate the influence of the three important women's organizations of the early twentieth century in India on the country's society and politics. To what extent do you think were the social objectives of these organizations constrained by their political objectives?

3. Answer one of the following in about 250 words :
    a) Critically examine the design of the National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) scheme. Do you think it has a better chance of success than the Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) in achieving its objectives?

    b) Highlight the structure, objectives and role of the Advertising Standards Council of India. In what way has the August 2006 Government notification made it more effective?

4. Comment on any five of the following in about 150 words each :
    a) Salient recommendations of the RBI-appointed Damodaran committee on customer service in Banks.

    b) Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS)

     c) Evolution of 'Green Benches' in our higher judiciary.

     d) Distinction between 'Department Related Parliamentary Standing Committees' and 'Parliamentary Forums'.

     e) Benefits and potential drawbacks of 'cash-transfers' to 'Below Poverty Line' (BPL) households.

     f) New initiatives during the 11th Five Year Plan in the National Programme for control of Blindness (NPCB).

5. Examine any three  of the following in about 150 words each :
    a) The impact of climate change on water resources in India.

     b) Measures taken by the Indian government to combat piracy in the Indian Ocean.

     c) The significance of counter-urbanization in the improvement of metropolitan cities in India.

     d) Problems specific to the denotified and nomadic tribes in India.

6. In the context of the freedom struggle, write short notes (not exceeding 50 words each) on the following :
    a) 'Benoy-Badal-Dinesh' martyrdom

    b) Bharat Naujawan Sabha

     c) 'Babbar Akali' movement

7. Comment on the following in not more than 50 words each :
    a) Phase-IV of the tiger monitoring programme in India.

    b) Why the Central Statistics Officer has notified a new series of Consumer Price Index from this year?

     c) Composition and functions of the National Executive Committee of the National Disaster Management Authority.

     d) The Bihar Special Courts Act, 2009 and why it has been in the news recently?

     e) The Telecommunications Ministry's proposed Spectrum Management Commission.

     f) The Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach to sanitation.

8. Attempt the following in not more than 50 words each :
    a) Distinguish either between the 'Moatsu' and 'Yemshe' festivals of Nagaland or the 'Losar' and 'Khan' festivals of Arunachal Pradesh.

     b) Write a sentence each on any five of the following traditional theatre forms :
          i) Bhand Pather
          ii) Swang
          iii) Maach
          iv) Bhaona
          v)  Mudiyettu
          vi) Dashavatar
    c) What are the major different styles of unglazed pottery making in India?

    d) List the classical dance forms of India as per the Sangeet Natak Akademi.

9. Comment on the following in not more than 50 words each :
    a) Nisarga-Runa technology of BARC
    b) The first-aid that you can safely administer to a person standing next to you at the bus-stop who suddenly faints.

     c) The Kaveri K-10 aero-engine.

     d) Molecular Breast Imaging (MBI) technology.

     e) E-governance initiatives by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

10. Who are the following and why have they been in the news recently? (Each answer should not exceed 20 words)
      a) Lieutenant Navdeep Singh
       b) Rahim Fahimuddin Dagar

       c) Lobsang Sangay

       d) P. R. Sreejesh

       e) Neelima Mishra

       f) V. Tejaswini Bai

       g) Aishwarya Narkar

Geography-II, 2011

Civil Services (Main) Examination - 2011
Paper II
Time Allowed : Three Hours
Maximum Marks : 300
 Candidates should attempt Questions no. 1 and 5 which are compulsory, and any three of the remaining questions selecting at least one question from each Section.

1. On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of ALL of the following for which 1 (one) mark is given to each correct entry.

Write in your answer script the significant geographical relevance or strategic importance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 30 words for each entry. Four (4) marks are allotted for each write-up of these correctly marked locations.
    a) Badami
    b) Mandvi
    c) Dodital
    d) Yanam
    e) Netarhat
    f) Shamsabad
    g) Lakshmantirth River
    h) Bara-Lacha La
    i) Kakolat Fall
    j) Singrauli
    k) Dafla Hills
    l) Tree Island

2. Present a comparative analysis of the regimes of Himalayan and Peninsular rivers of India and examine the implications in the irrigation system of the country.

3. a) Identify the major biosphere reserves of India and discuss their role in the conservation of forest and wildlife.
    b) Give an account of potentiality and prospects of development of marine resources of India.

4. a) Discuss the potentiality and status of aquaculture in the Ganga plain.
    b) Assess the scope and development of Pharmaceutical Industry in India

5. Write about the following in about 200 words each :
    a) Prospects of Rainbow Revolution in India.
   b) Karewa deposits and their economic significance.
    c) Impact of land tenure on agricultural productivity in India.

    d) Agro-forestry in India.

6. a) Assess the growing importance of air transport in India and examine its role in the regional development of the country. 
    b) Discuss the spatial pattern of intra-regional migration in India and examine its implications in regional development. 

7. a) Differentiate between conurbations and metropolitian regions. Give a reasoned account of emerging conurbations in India. 
    b) Identify the ravine-affected areas in India and discuss the environmental and economic impacts of their reclamation. 

8. a) Discuss the problems of environmental degradation generated by urban wastes in India. 
    b) Analyze the causes of desertification in India. Represent the desertified areas of the country on a sketch map and suggest remedial measures to control it.