Thursday, April 26, 2012 - , 0 comments

Multi-Pronged Approach towards Malnutrition



 As per the National Family Health Survey-3 (NFHS-3) published in 2005-06, 42.5% children under 5 years are underweight and 69.5% are anemic.  In urban and rural areas, 32.7% and 45.6% children are underweight while prevalence of anemia among children is 63% and 71.5% respectively.
 The Government has accorded high priority to the issue of malnutrition particularly among children and is implementing several schemes/programmes of different Ministries/Departments through State Governments/UT Administrations. The schemes/programmes include the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme, National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), Mid-Day Meal Scheme, new schemes on a pilot basis such as the Rajiv Gandhi Schemes for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG) namely SABLA and theIndira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojna (IGMSY) as the Direct targeted interventions. Besides, the indirect multi-sectoral interventions include Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS), National Horticulture Mission, National Food Security Mission, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), Total Sanitation Campaign, National Rural Drinking Water Programme etc. All these schemes have potential to address one or other aspect of Nutrition. Several of the existing schemes/programmes including ICDS have been expanded / universalized just before or during the Eleventh Five Year Plan, hence, the results are likely to be visible after some time.
           Furthermore, some of the recent decisions by the Government to improve the nutrition situation have been to
(i)            strengthen and restructure  ICDS with special focus on pregnant and lactating mothers and children under three
(ii)           prepare a multi-sectoral programme to address the maternal and child malnutrition in selected 200 high-burden districts
(iii)          launch a nationwide information, education and communication campaign against malnutrition and
(iv)         bring strong nutrition focus in programmes in sectors like health, drinking water supply and sanitation, school education,  agriculture,  food & public distribution.
           In addition, the proposed National Food Security Bill is also expected to contribute towards food security. With the continuing attention to nutrition, the targeted interventions and the cumulative effect of various schemes including new schemes, the under-nutrition levels are expected to show a declining trend.

This was stated by the Minister for Women and Child Development, Smt. Krishna Tirath in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.
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20 Point Programme


The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Statistics and Programme Implementation Shri Srikant Kumar Jena has said that Twenty Point Programme 2006 is a package of programme inter-alia aiming at poverty alleviation, employment generation, education and health. Twenty Point Programme consists of 65 items which are primarily the programmes/schemes of the Government of India, administered by the various Central Nodal Ministries and are normally implemented through State/UT Administration. A statement indicating the 20 points and 65 items is annexed (Annexure I). The programmes for poverty alleviation, employment generation are primarily covered under the point ‘Garibi Hatao’ which consists of five items.  The programmes for education are primarily covered under the point ‘Sabkeliye Shiksha (education for all)’.  Similarly the health is covered under the point ‘Jan Jan Ka Swasthya (health for all)’.
In a written reply in the Lok Sabha today Shri Jena said, the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation is mandated to monitor the physical progress only of the 65 items/schemes covered under the Twenty Point Programme on the basis of the inputs received from the Central Nodal Ministries.  The details of physical progress achieved during 2010-11 under selected schemes of Twenty Point Programme-2006 relating to employment generation, poverty alleviation (Mahatama Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act,Swaranjayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana, Swaranjayanti  Shahari Rojgar Yojana),  education (Mid Day Meal Scheme) and health (Total Sanitation Campaign, ICDS, Functional Anganwadi & Institutional Delivery) is enclosed (Annexure II to VI).

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Measures to address Indian emigrants issues




A large number of Indians are working in the Gulf countries. The details of Indians in Gulf Countries are as given below: -  
Country
No. of Indian working (approx. in Lakhs)
Bahrain
4.00
Kuwait
6.41
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
18 - 20
Oman
5.81
Qatar
4.50
UAE
17.50
Complaints received from some workers are generally in the nature of ill-treatment and harassment, non-payment of agreed salaries/ dues, contractual violations, refusal of leave or exit/re-entry permits, withholding of passports etc. The number of cases reported are as under:
Country
Year
2009
2010
2011
Bahrain
1427
1384
1163
Kuwait
3560
4363
2851
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
5306
5250
3656
Oman
5221
2225
2889
Qatar
2165
3034
3186
UAE
2316
1036
1588










 The Government has taken several steps to address the issue of Indian emigrants, which include the following:
(i)         Nation-wide awareness campaigns through the media to educate intending emigrants about legal emigration procedures, the risk of illegal migration and precautions to be taken during emigration.
(ii)        The Government has established an Overseas Workers Resource Centre (OWRC) which is a 24 hour telephone helpline in eight languages to provide authentic information to emigrants as well as intending emigrants on all aspects of emigration.
(iii)       The Government has established Indian Community Welfare Funds (ICWF) in all Indian Missions to provide onsite support to the affected emigrants. 
(iv)       Government has established an Indian Workers Resource Centre(IWRC) in the UAE.
(v)        The Government has signed MOUs with seven major labour receiving countries to lay down a framework for bilateral cooperation for the protection and welfare of workers. 
(vi)   The Ministry revised the Emigration (Amendment) Rules, 2009 w.e.f 9th July, 2009 revising the eligibility criteria for Recruiting Agents (RAs).
(vii)   In case, the involvement of a recruiting agent to cheat and exploit the worker is reported, then action under Emigration Act, 1983 is taken.  Besides, the blacklisting of recalcitrant employers is also resorted to.
(viii)   Pravasi Bhartiya Bima Yojana (PBBY) is a compulsory Insurance Scheme for the protection of emigrant workers.
(ix)     Some missions hold awareness camps and medical camps and visit Jails, hospital and labour camps. The missions also operate shelter homes for women emigrants/ runaway maids.

This information was given by the Minister of Overseas Indian Affair, Shri Vayalar Ravi in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today.
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Major Recommendations of the Sachar Committee Report


Major Recommendations and the Implementation of the Sachar Committee Report
        
 Major recommendations of the Report on ‘Social, Economic and Educational Status of the Muslim Community of India’, prepared under the Chairmanship of Justice Rajinder Sachar include the following:
(i)            Access of Education – Providing free and high quality education to children up to the age of 14, opening government schools in Muslim concentration areas, awarding scholarships, modernisingMadarasas, etc.,
(ii)          Access to Credit – Promoting and enhancing access to Muslims in Priority Sector lending, open more branches in Muslim concentration areas, promote micro finance among women, etc.
(iii)          Skill Development – Opening ITIs and Polytechnics to focus on high growth potential in the Muslim concentration areas.
(iv)         Special Area Development Initiatives – Villages/ towns/ habitations to be provided with basic amenities, good quality government schools, health facilities, etc. for all poor including Muslims.
(v)         Wakf – better utilization of wakf properties, etc.
(vi)         Measures for Affirmative Action – Setting up of Equal Opportunity Commission (EOC), National Data Bank (NDB) and Assessment and Monitory Authority (AMA).
Giving this information in written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today, Shri Vincent H. Pala, Minister of State for Minority Affairs, said that the recommendations are being implemented by concerned Ministries/ Departments of the Government.